A migraine is usually a moderate or severe headache felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to light or sound can be common.
Migraines can affect up to one in every five women and around one in every 15 men. They usually begin in early 20s
What causes migraines ?
No one is sure of the exact cause of a migraine.
Some scientists believe it to be the result of temporary changes in the chemicals, nerves and blood vessels in the brain. Some people also find that Stress, Menstruation, Fatigue or certain Food or drinks can be triggers for a migraine.
Around 50% of people who experience migraines also have a family member with the condition, suggesting that genes may also be a part of the issue.
What is difference between a migraine and a headache?
A migraine attack is usually on one side of your head. The pain usually starts as a dull throb or a tightening and then intensifies into a concentrated and severe pain.
Migraine symptoms are
- sensitivity to light and noise
- Physical work will make it worse.
- preferring to lie indoors in the dark
- lack of appetite
- Sensations of extreme warmth or chills.
Headaches will not have the symptoms above.
A ‘tension headache’ will usually originate on the forehead and spread down the nape of your neck and the shoulders.
A sinus headache is usually accompanied by a runny nose and a fever.
These symptoms will clearly distinguish migraines from other headaches.
There's no cure for migraines, but a number of treatments are available to help reduce the symptoms. Some of which are available from our website shown above.
If you suspect you have a specific trigger such as stress or a certain type of food, avoiding this trigger may help reduce your risk of experiencing migraines.
Keeping a healthy lifestyle, drinking water, regular exercise, regular sleep patterns and limiting caffeine and alchohol could also be helpful in preventing migraines.
If your migraines are severe and persist you should see your GP or have a further consultation